Green Science Policy Institute Blog - Phosphate flame retardants: Bad to the bone?

December 4, 2014

by Eileen Kramer

Excerpt: If you go to the CDC’s ToxGuide it will tell you that data suggest Phosphate Ester Flame Retardants are widely distributed throughout the human body. You’ll also find this:

Normal human levels? No data available
Biomarkers? There are no biomarkers that can be used to quantify exposure…
Level in air? No data…
Levels in sediment and soil? No data…

Read ToxFAQs and you’ll find “there is not enough data” to determine if they produce cancer in humans (though increases in cancers have been observed in lab animals) and “no studies have been conducted to examine the toxicity … in children”.

We knew this –
A 2012 study exposing rats to Firemaster 550 (FM550) suggested it disrupts hormones and may cause obesity. FM550 contains phosphate esters and brominated flame retardants. It may also be the most commonly used flame retardant in furniture foam. A 2013 study found a component of FM550 called TPP (triphenyl phosphate) in 98% of house dust samples analyzed.

Flame Retardants